Gender equality is stated in the Magna Carta of Women as a mechanism in reducing poverty. Data from the Philippine Statistics Authority released in June 2017 showed that poverty incidence among farmers (34.3%) is higher than the general population (21.6%). At PhilRice, we ensure that our programs are equally available for the men and women in the rice sector. Inclusive participation of the men and women are considered for them to have better access to information and agricultural resources, enhance their work efficiency, and increase their farm competency.

Increase in farm productivity and income start from adequate information and having good resources. In our community engagements and training activities, we ensure a good ratio between the male and female rice farmers. We develop knowledge products with balanced feature stories on successful male and female rice tillers. We also circulate our information materials in areas with high interaction among farmers. Women-farmers and farmers’ wives are encouraged to attend seminars on microfinancing and enterprise development. For more details about our knowledge products, kindly contact the Development Communication Division: (044) 456-02-85 loc 500 and the Technology Management and Services for the training programs: (044) 456 02-85 loc 510.

Amidst wider perception that farming is for the male, we have developed our rice technologies with the female perspective. Our farm machines such as the drum seeder, microtiller, gasifier stove, and brown rice machine can be easily operated by women as they are portable and lightweight. These gender-neutral machines are also highlighted in our technology promotion activities and exhibits. For more information about our machines, please contact the Rice Engineering and Mechanization Division: (044) 456-02-85 loc 650.

With the ASEAN integration becoming more distinct in the Philippine economy, we are helping the farmers to be more competitive by intensifying the reach of our projects. Based on data, Filipino farmers spend around P11 to produce a kilo of rice while the Thai and Vietnamese spend P8.40 and P5.60. In implementing our projects, we make sure that the number of women-farmers is proportionate to the male participants. To know more about our projects in your areas, please visit

As we help improve the conditions of the rice farmers, we are strengthening our capacity so we can better support gender and development in rice sector. We are intensifying our internal awareness campaign on GAD issues and capacitating the rice workers on integrating these issues in their project proposal and in administrative processes. We ensure that GAD agenda in included in our Institutional processes and that the staff are well-versed on the Gender mainstreaming Framework. We also started to establish infrastructures that are gender-neutral and responsive to the needs of differently-abled persons, senior citizens, and pregnant women.

Mental Health Seminar Prioritizing mental health for rice workers - In her talk at Philippine Rice Research Institute (PhilRice) in Science City of Muñoz, Nueva Ecija on March 1, Ms Creselda O. Doble emphasized that the women are prone to mental health illness owing to their multitasking roles at home and the office. She encouraged PhilRice officials to ensure a well conceptualized performance management strategy […]
Ang ganda ko, Day Serbisyo para kay Juana - PhilRice’s Gender and Development Focal Point System conducts a “Ang Ganda Ko, Day!” on March 13 to show its appreciation on the women’s hardwork in the pursuit of rice-security.

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Gender and Development

As the country’s lead agency on rice research and development, we work on ensuring the inclusion of men and women in the agriculture agenda. We advance equal gender opportunity and participation in all aspects of rice-related development. More importantly, we advocate for the involvement of women as agents of economic and social change in the rice sector.

women in agriculture Women in agriculture - Despite equal work, Tanzo’s study on cross-country hired farm labor and wage differences showed that women-farmers earn less than the men by around P108 a day. In Nueva Ecija, the women-farmers’ wage is around P50 less than the men during crop establishment and P216 during threshing.

Mental Health Mental health for workers advocated - A senior research associate based in a top university called for the promotion of mental health in the workplace, especially for the working women. In her talk at Philippine Rice Research Institute (PhilRice) in Science City of Muñoz, Nueva Ecija, Feb. 27, Creselda O. Doble of Ateneo de Manila University, emphasized that the women are […]

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The woman of rice, strong and determined, completes her day balancing farm work and domestic chores. On ordinary days, she invests an average of 7 hours; she works for 11 hours during planting and harvestings days. Panel Photo 3 - The woman of rice, strong and determined, completes her day balancing farm work and domestic chores. On ordinary days, she invests an average of 7 hours; she works for 11 hours during planting and harvestings days.

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zamboanga farmer Women at work on the farm - The women-farmers in Quezon and Zamboanga del Norte are involved in more than half of the 51 farm activities from land preparation until selling of rice. Their counterpart in Pampanga, Agusan del Norte, Compostela Valley, Laguna, and Zamboanga del Sur does 3 to 6 segments of the farm work. They are mostly engaged during pulling […]

Direct-seeded rice effective in top rice producer province December 3, 2018 - Farmers in Isabela, one of the country’s top rice producer, are reaping the benefits of practicing direct seeding, a crop establishment method, in which pre-germinated seeds are sown directly onto the soil surface. Helen Pasicolan, lead of the direct-seeded rice technology promotion at Philippine Rice Research Institute (PhilRice) in San Mateo, Isabela said that farmers […]
batac lakbay palay 4Ps recipients learn rice technologies November 27, 2018 - More than a thousand farmers under the Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program (4Ps) from Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, and La Union updated their knowledge on rice at the recent Lakbay Palay conducted at Philippine Rice Research Institute (PhilRice). “As farmers, we are one of the most important workers in the society because rice is a Filipino […]
Jiggy Manicad Upgrade farmers’ skills, rice advocate urged November 27, 2018 - Science City of Muñoz, Nueva Ecija – Rodrigo “Jiggy” Manicad Jr. encouraged public agencies in Central Luzon to help farmers engage in marketing and be entrepreneurs in a recent gathering of farmers, students, and agriculture workers. In an activity called Rice Fiesta conducted at Philippine Rice Research Institute (PhilRice), Manicad emphasized that farmer’s entrepreneurial skill […]

We are always ready to be of service! To know more about our Gender and Development efforts, please contact Dr. Diadem B. Gonzales-Esmero, PhilRice Gender and Development focal person, at (044) 46-0285 loc 500 or email:

Philippine Rice Research Institute (PhilRice) is a government corporate entity attached to the Department of Agriculture created through Executive Order 1061 on 5 November 1985 (as amended) to help develop high-yielding and cost-reducing technologies so farmers can produce enough rice for all Filipinos.

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Philippine Rice Research Institute