The Philippines (PH) currently adopts tariff and quantitative restriction (QR) as trade protection for rice. Tariffs are taxes imposed on traded products; QRs limit the volume of imported rice allowed into the country. Trade protection regulates the influx of cheaper imported rice in the local market, and shields local farmers and traders from superior competition. If government would remove QR, local rice prices would drop (Litonjua and Bordey, 2014; Bordey et al., 2016) in favor of consumers but to the detriment of farmers.
The Philippine rice industry will soon bear the brunt of global competition. In 2017, the government may no longer
be able to control the volume of rice to be imported. Cheap imported rice will compete in the local market as long
as it is subject to 35% tariff. As a result, local wholesale price will mirror the wholesale import parity price – which is
the equivalent price of imported rice after adding the costs of insurance and freight from the exporting to importing
country, port charges, the tariff/tax, and local transport from port to wholesale market.
Zero rice importation or self-sufficiency has always been the elusive goal of Philippine agriculture policies regardless of political dispensation. Any inferior goal is unpatriotic and criticized as a failure of the government and the nation as a whole. Figure 1 shows the historical net rice imports of the Philippines.
Tariffs and quantitative restrictions (QR) are used to control the entry of imported rice in the country. Tariffs are taxes imposed on traded products; QRs are measures such as quotas and bans that limit the volume of rice allowed into the country.
Combining organic and inorganic fertilizers; recommended practice for sustaining rice yield – June 2012
Organic fertilizer is made of animal or plant biomass that has completely decomposed until the original material has become soil-like in texture. Biofertilizers, or microbial fertilizers, compost activators, inoculums are commonly classified as organic fertilizers, but they are either soil conditioners or growth enhancers.
Per Capita Rice Consumption (PCRC) is an approximate measure of the amount of milled rice consumed by a person
in a year. This is a critical variable used in estimating the rice requirement of the country. Therefore, this has an impact on setting the import requirement of the country. Increased PCRC means more imported rice1.
Boosting research, production, and promotion of brown rice to fit the purchasing power and appetites of ordinary families is instrumental in addressing our nutrition concerns and narrowing the gap between domestic rice supply and demand.
The country aims at rice self-sufficiency by 2013. This could be realized if government services proposed in the Food Staples Self-Sufficiency Roadmap for 2011 to 2016 would be extended immediately, because these will directly or indirectly influence national rice production. One of the working hands of the Department of Agriculture (DA) is the National Food Authority (NFA).
Rationale: Figuring out the capacity of farmers to produce marketed surplus is a
key to understanding their economic situation
High-quality seeds (HQS) are pure, full and uniform in size, viable, free from weed seeds and seed-borne pests, germinate well, and produce healthy seedlings. Breeder (BS), foundation (FS), registered (RS), and certified (CS) seeds are the various classes of HQS.